Dr. Zeynep Elif Yıldızel
What has been achieved since initiation of the mining industry?
Today Mining is the first step supply for many of the industries so it is the chief pillar of the global economy. Turkey is a rich country concerning the mines. Mining has been one of the major industrial activity since the Ottoman Empire time. The First attempt in Ottoman Empire was at 1858 by legislating the “Field Regulations” and the first legal document was written concerning the quarries and quarrying at the year 1869 called “Quarries Directorate”. After that in the year 1906 “Mining Regulations” was released. These first attempts showed that, Ottoman Empire, realized there is an urgency to cover up the gap between Ottoman Empire and European countries; of those started industrialization by the early 1800s. For this reason at the years 1861, 1869, 1887 and 1906 as said above, Ottoman Empire released subsequent laws and regulations . Between the years 1870-1899 local and foreign miners were awarded by 140 mining licenses and throughout 1900-1911 the production was doubled. However, during early 1920s the production in mining industry was very limited. Nevertheless, all those attempts were too late to secure the Empires industrialization activity.